Tuesday, September 02, 2014

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Fighting forest fires in Europe – how it works

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Fighting forest fires in Europe – how it works

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Greenpeace Says #China’s Energy Plans Exacerbate #Climate Change

Environmental Impacts of Household Size, Bringing Family Planning Outside the Health Sector

What are the environmental implications of changing household sizes? A recent article by Mason Bradbury, M. Nils Peterson, and Jianguo Liu, published in Population and Environment, analyzes data from 213 countries over 400 years and finds the average number of occupants per home tends to decline as population grows. This dynamic, they write, indicates that accommodating housing could prove to be one of “the greatest environmental challenges of the twenty-first century.” As countries develop and urbanize, “according to convergence theory, household size decreases (often from greater than five to less than three).” Other cultural shifts, like increasing divorce rates, urban sprawl driven by rising affluence, decreasing numbers of multigenerational households, and larger houses (in the United States, homes more than doubled in size between 1950 and 2002, according to the article) compound the issue. As population growth continues in parts of the world, these trends pose critical questions for conservation and environmental sustainability, since “households are the end consumers of most natural resources and ecosystem services.”

Development initiatives aimed at improving access to contraceptives are largely limited to health sectors, but FHI 360’s Integrating Family Planning into Other Development Sectors suggests ways to integrate these efforts into environmental, agricultural, and financial interventions too.

See full Article: http://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2014/03/reading-radar-environmental-impacts-household-size-bringing-family-planning-health-sector/

Sustainable bioenergy for Southeast Asia

National roadmaps and regional co-operation are vital to unleash sector's enormous potential, ASEAN experts say

Bioenergy technologies can transform rural development across Southeast Asia, helping to extend modern electricity and other energy services to deprived areas, as well as reduce carbon emissions and lessen the impact of climate change. But for the region to fulfil its bioenergy potential, countries must address a complex array of policy, technical, institutional and financial challenges, said experts at a workshop in Bangkok on 23-24 July 2014.

The workshop was the second in a series of events feeding into the upcoming IEA publication How2Guide for Bioenergy – a manual for policy and decision makers to develop and implement of bioenergy technology roadmaps tailored to existing national frameworks, resources and capacities.

See full Press Release: http://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/agencyannouncements/sustainable-bioenergy-for-southeast-asia.html

Government expenditure on education as a ratio to GDP continued to fall in 2012


Monday, August 25, 2014

How to stop businesses behaving badly

Forty of the 100 largest economic entities in the world in 2012 were corporations, not countries, according to business consultants Global Trends. The sheer size of multinational enterprises (MNEs) leads many citizens to worry that they will abuse their economic power and political influence. This is not a new concern, and in fact was one of the reasons the OECD produced its Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises in 1976. The original Guidelines were published as an Annexe to a Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. At the time, much of the pressure to create some kind of framework for MNE activities came from the firms themselves.

After the Second World War, government intervention in the economy was direct and widespread, through nationalisations and strategies designed to build strong national champions in key domains. At the same time, today’s highly integrated, globalised economy was starting to emerge, and companies at the forefront of the process wanted reassurances that their investments abroad would be safe and government regulation would not constrain them too much.

See full Article: http://oecdinsights.org/2014/06/26/how-to-stop-businesses-behaving-badly/

MTN says the local operating environment remains challenging

¿Cuáles son los 5 lugares más eficientes a nivel energético?

Un estudio del Consejo Estadounidense por una Economía de Energía Eficiente (Aceee, por sus siglas en inglés) midió la eficiencia del consumo energético de 16 economías que representan el 81% del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) global.

El estudio de la fundación que estudia formas de hacer frente de forma más efectiva y barata al creciente consumo de energía en el mundo, utilizó 31 indicadores para medir la eficiencia en cuatro áreas: política gubernamental, construcción edilicia, industria y transporte.

Entre los patrones usados para cuantificar el desempeño con un puntaje se encuentran la adopción de metas nacionales de eficiencia energética, códigos para la construcción edilicia e inversión en transporte público.

See full Article: http://www.bbc.co.uk/mundo/noticias/2014/08/140801_economia_paises_mas_energeticos_jgc.shtml

The Guide to Sustainable Clean Energy 2014 - Blue and Green Tomorrow

The Guide to Sustainable Clean Energy 2014 - Blue and Green Tomorrow

SPIEGEL Launches Orange Social Design Award - SPIEGEL ONLINE

SPIEGEL Launches Orange Social Design Award - SPIEGEL ONLINE

Sunday, August 24, 2014

Corporate Social Responsibility: Emerging good practice for a new era

Are global companies improving their environmental, social and governance performance? There is good reason to be optimistic, though there is much work to be done.

Some 93% of the world’s largest 250 companies now publish annual corporate responsibility reports, almost 60% of which are independently audited. That means companies from sectors as diverse as financial services, information technology and consumer goods to oil, gas and mining making billions of dollars of public commitments to help solve societal challenges.

Yet, the negative headlines persist, fuelled by reports of sweat-shops in low-income countries producing cheap goods for OECD markets, fatal tragedies such as the collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory in Bangladesh in 2013 and the Turkish mining disaster in 2014, and catastrophic environmental accidents. Moreover, the legacy of the global financial crisis, concerns about corporate tax practices and challenges such as youth unemployment and climate change have forced corporations to lift their sights further above the bottom line and to judge their performance against wider social goals. Economic growth must now be more inclusive and more sustainable. The onus is on firms to produce more jobs, products, services and infrastructure for more people, while putting more emphasis on decent work and fairness, and less strain on natural resources. .

It is in this context that the field of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has matured over the past decade. Progress has been driven by a combination of evolving global guidelines, increased stakeholder expectations and more demanding corporate disclosure requirements. Voluntary action by corporate leaders themselves has also played a role, both individually and collectively, to embed CSR into core business practices, account publicly for performance, and scale up impact. CSR has become as central to some businesses as, say, accounting or human resource management. Yet, this progress is happening at neither the speed nor scale needed to drive the type of systemic change that is required to address social and environmental challenges.

See full Article: http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/4369/Corporate_Social_Responsibility:_Emerging_good_practice_for_a_new_era.html

Recommendations to Meet Future Governance Challenges

How Boardroom History Is Writing Its Future

There have been significant, positive changes in boardroom practices over the past 25 years. However, there is still work to do, says the author, whose expertise in corporate governance matters was tapped for lawsuits involving the Tyco and Enron fiascos at the dawn of this new century. Drawing on decades of research and experience, the author outlines the major problems that boards have faced over the past quarter century and the solutions proposed to overcome them. He warns of the negative, unintended consequences of some of these solutions, many of which were not thought through carefully and may be based on false premises. Finally, he offers four recommendations for directors, CEOs, shareholders and other stakeholders on how to meet future governance challenges within the wider context of business. Put simply, there needs to be open communication between all parties and a consensus on the ultimate purpose of the firm.

See full Article: http://www.ieseinsight.com/review/articulo.aspx?doc=114439&seccion=4&issue=21

6 Items for the Top of Every Board's Agenda

Renewing the Board's Mission

The role of boards of directors is in the spotlight. Can boards do a better job at protecting their companies? There's certainly good reason to think so. Today, some experts are calling for tougher regulations on boards and a larger role for shareholders in key strategic decision-making. Others advocate for more professional board directors. Neither of these solutions is enough. What is needed is a clearer vision of the firm's overarching purpose, as well as aligning and measuring its long-term success. Also required is a drastic rethink of how the board can add long-term value to the company it serves. Such changes will be necessary not only to shape up corporate governance practices, but also to safeguard the future of capitalism itself.

See full Article: http://www.ieseinsight.com/review/articulo.aspx?doc=114442&seccion=4&issue=21

Climate: Will We Lose the Endgame?

Antarctica: An Intimate Portrait of a Mysterious Continent
by Gabrielle Walker
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 388 pp., $27.00
What We Know: The Reality, Risks and Response to Climate Change
a report by the Climate Science Panel of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
28 pp., March 2014
Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment
a report by the US Global Change Research Program
829 pp., May 2014

We may be entering the high-stakes endgame on climate change. The pieces—technological and perhaps political—are finally in place for rapid, powerful action to shift us off of fossil fuel. Unfortunately, the players may well decide instead to simply move pawns back and forth for another couple of decades, which would be fatal. Even more unfortunately, the natural world is daily making it more clear that the clock ticks down faster than we feared. The whole game is very nearly in check.

See full Article: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2014/jul/10/climate-will-we-lose-endgame/?insrc=whc

Saturday, August 23, 2014

Corporate leaders: Your supply chain is your responsibility

On 24 April 2013 the Rana Plaza, a commercial building and garment factory in Dhaka, Bangladesh, collapsed, claiming some 1,130 lives and injuring thousands more. The shock was felt globally. How could this happen? Who was to blame? If the building was not fit for purpose, why was it being used? How could such a disaster be prevented from happening again?

The Rana Plaza produced garments for sale, mostly in OECD countries, including by well-known brands. The disaster was a jarring reminder of the need to strengthen the corporate responsibility of such firms over their entire global supply chains. Alas, Rana Plaza was not an isolated incident: from industrial fires to toxic gas leaks, not to mention mining disasters, the world has piled up an embarrassingly long list of industrial and other business disasters involving unnecessary loss of life over the past century. The textile industry and manufacturing in poor countries such as Bangladesh feature strongly on the list. A lack of corporate responsibility is to blame for many of the incidents. It should not be that way.

If there was a silver lining to Rana Plaza, it is the impressive mobilisation of stakeholders in the wake of the disaster to prevent such a tragedy from happening again. Representatives from industry set up the Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety, an association of 150 apparel corporations, as well as the Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety, which represents 26 retailers. Both initiatives are committed to inspecting and repairing garment factories to assure safe working conditions in Bangladesh.

See full Article: http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/4366/Corporate_leaders:_Your_supply_chain_is_your_responsibility.html

Malthus wrong again says OECD

Even if you know nothing about the French Revolution, you’ve probably heard of Marie-Antoinette’s reaction on being told the people had no bread: “Let them eat cake”. In fact, the infamous catch phrase was probably invented by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who attributes it to an unnamed princess in his Confessions, written before the 14 year-old Austrian princess even married the future Louis XVI. As far as the course of events went, it doesn’t matter whether she said it or not, since the people believed that it was the kind of thing she would say. The doomed monarchs could have learned a few lessons in the art of good government from the founder of the Bourbon dynasty. One goal of the reforms instigated by Henri IV, King of France from 1589 to 1610, was a chicken in every pot, on a Sunday at least. This slogan was to reappear in the United States in the 20th century, with “a car in every garage” tacked on to some versions.

Food riots are thing of the past in most OECD countries, but in 2007-08, various places around the world would see people taking to the streets as food prices rose suddenly in response to the interactions among a number of factors, including high oil prices forcing up production costs, drought in major producing areas, diversion of land to biofuels, and a very low level of stocks.

See full Summary: http://oecdinsights.org/2014/07/11/malthus-wrong-again-says-oecd/

7 Billion People, One Planet

There was a time when predictions of “overpopulation” and books like The Population Bomb dominated discussions of environmental concerns. But in an era of climate change, how we think and talk about population and where it sits on the list of environmental concerns is changing.

On the eve of World Population Day 2014, Roger-Mark De Souza, director of population, environmental security, and resilience for the Wilson Center discusses the latest thinking on population issues.

See Press page: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/7-billion-people-one-planet

Climate 'key driver' in European forest disturbances

Europe's forests have experienced increased disturbances throughout the 20th Century from wind, bark beetles and wildfires, a study has shown.

A team of European-based scientists identified climatic changes as a "key driver behind this increase".

However, they added, how the expected continuation of climate change would affect Europe's forests in the future remained unresolved.

See full Article: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-28645693

Friday, August 22, 2014

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - European Commission proposes a higher and achievable energy savings target for 2030

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - European Commission proposes a higher and achievable energy savings target for 2030

Greener airports thanks to EU-funded tech

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Greener airports thanks to EU-funded tech

Study: Climate change and air pollution will combine to curb food supplies

Ozone and higher temperatures can combine to reduce crop yields, but effects will vary by region.

Many studies have shown the potential for global climate change to cut food supplies. But these studies have, for the most part, ignored the interactions between increasing temperature and air pollution — specifically ozone pollution, which is known to damage crops.

A new study involving researchers at MIT shows that these interactions can be quite significant, suggesting that policymakers need to take both warming and air pollution into account in addressing food security.

The study looked in detail at global production of four leading food crops — rice, wheat, corn, and soy — that account for more than half the calories humans consume worldwide. It predicts that effects will vary considerably from region to region, and that some of the crops are much more strongly affected by one or the other of the factors: For example, wheat is very sensitive to ozone exposure, while corn is much more adversely affected by heat.

See full Article: http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/climate-change-air-pollution-will-combine-curb-food-supplies-0727

Los árboles salvan 850 vidas al año en EEUU limpiando contaminación

La eliminación de contaminación por los árboles salva 850 vidas y previene 670.000 casos de síntomas respiratorios agudos cada año en Estados Unidos. Esta es la conclusión de la primera estimación a gran escala de depuración del aire por los árboles realizada por los científicos del Servicio Forestal de los EE.UU.

Aunque la eliminación de contaminantes por los árboles equivale a una mejora en la calidad del aire menor al 1 por ciento, los impactos de esa mejora resultan sustanciales. Los investigadores valoraron los efectos en la salud humana de la contaminación del aire en casi 7.000 millones de dólares al año, según un estudio publicado recientemente en la revista Environmental Pollution.

Ver Artículo completo: http://www.europapress.es/ciencia/habitat-y-clima/noticia-arboles-salvan-850-vidas-ano-eeuu-limpiando-contaminacion-20140728130619.html

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Responsible business conduct: Which way forward?

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is no longer just a marketing buzzword but has become a mainstream part of business operations in companies the world over. From so-called triple bottom line accounting through legal frameworks to stock market indices that reward responsible business conduct on social and environmental fronts, company values increasingly reflect CSR values too. But what of their global supply chains, do they hold the same high values? How can multinational companies in particular be sure that the myriad firms they source from in poorer countries do not cut corners with people’s lives or the environment? The death toll from the collapse of the brand-driven Rana Plaza garment factory in Bangladesh in 2013 was another tragic reminder that for CSR to have real value, much more needs to be done.

In this OECD Observer roundtable, we asked a range of stakeholders, from government, business, labour and civil society, for their views:

“What actions are you taking to encourage responsible business conduct and what new steps do you think are needed to strengthen corporate social responsibility worldwide?”

Lilianne Ploumen, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation, the Netherlands

In the aftermath of the Rana Plaza tragedy in Bangladesh it became clear that action was needed to improve working conditions worldwide. In the Netherlands we decided to bring key stakeholders together from the Dutch garment industry (brands, companies, trade unions and civil society). This resulted in a concrete action plan for their industry’s supply chain. A big step forward, and not all that easy, since many of them are competitors.

See full Article: http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/4365/Responsible_business_conduct:_Which_way_forward__nbsp;.html

Development Studies : Understanding Development Theories ( Part- 3 )

El maíz, indicador temprano de los efectos del cambio climático

Un equipo de investigadores del CSIC y de la Pontificia Católica Universidad de Chile han logrado explicar la dinámica de la productividad de las cosechas de maíz. Mediante un modelo matemático afirman poder determinar qué zonas son más vulnerables al cambio climático y la escasez de agua.

La investigación, publicada en la revista PLOS ONE, ha desarrollado un modelo matemático para explicar y predecir la dinámica de productividad de las cosechas de maíz y se ha centrado en comparar el rendimiento de los cultivos de maíz con y sin riego ante los efectos combinados del cambio climático y la escasez de agua.

Ver Artículo completo: http://www.europapress.es/ciencia/habitat-y-clima/noticia-maiz-indicador-temprano-efectos-cambio-climatico-20140728141047.html

Apple goes green with solar-powered data centres – video | Environment | theguardian.com


Onésimo Alvarez-Moro

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - European Commission proposes a higher and achievable energy savings target for 2030

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - European Commission proposes a higher and achievable energy savings target for 2030

Development Studies : Understanding Development Theories ( Part- 2 )

Troika+ of Women Leaders on Gender and Climate Change

The Troika+ of Women Leaders on Gender and Climate Change is a group of committed high-level women leaders whose meetings are facilitated by the Foundation. Through the Troika+, the Foundation is working to consolidate women’s leadership to highlight the gender dimensions of climate change.

Members of the Troika+ include Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, Christiana Figueres, COP17 President and Minister of International Relations and Co-operation, South Africa, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, COP16 President and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mexico, Patricia Espinosa, EU Commissioner, Connie Hedegaard, Executive Director UN Women, Michelle Bachelet, President of the Foundation, Mary Robinson and members of the Network of Women Ministers for the Environment.

See full Press Release: http://www.mrfcj.org/womens-leadership/troika-plus.html

Calentamiento más ozono es igual a menos comida

Las interacciones entre el cambio climático y la contaminación del aire pueden tener un papel importante en frenar los suministros de alimentos.

Muchos estudios han demostrado el potencial del cambio climático global para cortar los suministros de alimentos, pero, en su mayor parte, estas investigaciones han ignorado las interacciones entre el aumento de la temperatura y la contaminación del aire, específicamente la polución por ozono, que es conocida por dañar los cultivos.

Ver Artículo completo: http://www.europapress.es/ciencia/habitat-y-clima/noticia-calentamiento-mas-ozono-igual-menos-comida-20140728114700.html

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Development Studies : Understanding Development Theories ( Part- 1 )

CBO The Renewable Fuel Standard: Issues for 2014 and Beyond

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) establishes minimum volumes of various types of renewable fuels that must be included in the United States’ supply of fuel for transportation. Those volumes—as defined by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA)—are intended to grow each year through 2022 (see the figure below). In recent years, the requirements of the RFS have been met largely by blending gasoline with ethanol made from cornstarch. In the future, EISA requires the use of increasingly large amounts of “advanced biofuels,” which include diesel made from biomass (such as soybean oil or animal fat), ethanol made from sugarcane, and cellulosic biofuels (made from converting the cellulose in plant materials into fuel).

Access full Report: http://www.cbo.gov/publication/45477

Hunger ● Nutrition ● Climate Justice - A New Dialogue: Putting People at the Heart of Global Development

The Hunger ● Nutrition ● Climate Justice Conference took place in Dublin Castle from 15-16 April 2013, during Ireland’s Presidency of the EU.

The Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice, together with the Irish Government, hosted this unique event, combining key policy makers in global development with the people living on the frontlines of climate change and food insecurity.

The Conference was organised in partnership with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

See full Press Release: http://www.mrfcj.org/food-and-nutrition-security/hunger-nutrition-climate-justice-2013.html

Sustainable Energy for All: Ensuring access for the poorest

At the start of June, the first annual Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Forum was held in New York. SE4All is a global initiative that aims to bring together top-level leadership from all sectors of society – governments, business and civil society – to achieve a broad based transformation of the world’s energy systems and build a more prosperous, healthier, cleaner and safer world for this and future generations. The initiative was launched in September 2011 by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and has three interlinked objectives:

  1. Providing universal access to modern energy services;
  2. Doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and
  3. Doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
See full Press Release: http://www.mrfcj.org/news/se4all_access_for_the_poorest.html

Monday, August 18, 2014

Air pollution taking heavy toll

Foreign Aid and Developing Economies

Sun, wind and drain

Wind and solar power are even more expensive than is commonly thought

SUBSIDIES for renewable energy are one of the most contested areas of public policy. Billions are spent nursing the infant solar- and wind-power industries in the hope that they will one day undercut fossil fuels and drastically reduce the amount of carbon dioxide being put into the atmosphere. The idea seems to be working. Photovoltaic panels have halved in price since 2008 and the capital cost of a solar-power plant—of which panels account for slightly under half—fell by 22% in 2010-13. In a few sunny places, solar power is providing electricity to the grid as cheaply as conventional coal- or gas-fired power plants.

See full Article: http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21608646-wind-and-solar-power-are-even-more-expensive-commonly-thought-sun-wind-and?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

Climate Justice and the Right to Health

Health and Human Rights Journal, Volume 16 Issue 1 is a special issue titled Climate Justice and the Right to Health. The Journal, published June 2014, contains articles which examine the links between climate justice and the right to health, including an analysis of the links between the right to food and the right to health in the context of increasing dependency on food aid of low nutritional value.

In the Foreword to the special issue, Mary Robinson writes ”The report also clarifies that while people all over the world are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, the poor and marginalized are the most vulnerable. With this in mind, I believe that the world needs to respond with a climate justice approach to shape a global response that is rights-based in its actions to lower emissions and build resilience.”

See full Press Release: http://www.mrfcj.org/news/climate-justice-and-the-right-health-journal.html

Sunday, August 17, 2014

Rethinking development aid

Calentamiento más ozono es igual a menos comida

Las interacciones entre el cambio climático y la contaminación del aire pueden tener un papel importante en frenar los suministros de alimentos.

Muchos estudios han demostrado el potencial del cambio climático global para cortar los suministros de alimentos, pero, en su mayor parte, estas investigaciones han ignorado las interacciones entre el aumento de la temperatura y la contaminación del aire, específicamente la polución por ozono, que es conocida por dañar los cultivos.

Ver Artículo completo: http://www.europapress.es/ciencia/habitat-y-clima/noticia-calentamiento-mas-ozono-igual-menos-comida-20140728114700.html

Real potential to deliver innovative action

“The GCF is open for business, innovative actions await financing, and the start of a new phase of global climate action lies within our reach. Let’s not miss this chance.”

The Board of the Green Climate Fund will meet on the 30th of June in Oslo with potential donor countries to discuss who will contribute to the fund, when and how those contributions will be made.

The Green Climate Fund (“GCF”) will be the primary funding vehicle of the UNFCCC. Fully funded, the GCF can make crucial resources available to countries with pressing needs due to climate change induced risk and enable the transition to low carbon development.

See full Press Release: http://www.mrfcj.org/news/real-potential-deliver-innovative-action.html

Saturday, August 16, 2014

Income inequality undermines growth

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Questions and answers on the Energy Efficiency Communication

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Questions and answers on the Energy Efficiency Communication

Lagging regions, important sources of growth

IPCC and climate change risks: what would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern” (RFC) the authors identify:

  1. Unique and threatened ecosystems and cultural systems.
  2. Extreme weather events.
  3. Uneven distribution of impacts, with disadvantaged people and communities facing greater risks.
  4. Global aggregate impacts, for example global biodiversity loss.
  5. Large-scale singular events, such as Arctic ecosystems or warm water coral reefs reaching an irreversible tipping point.
The report isn’t totally pessimistic, and it concludes that transformations in economic, social, technological, and political decisions and actions can enable climate-resilient pathways. It doesn’t say what the favoured options should be, and of course a mix of approaches should be taken, but we’d like your opinion on what the dominant options should be. For the sake of simplicity, we’ve labelled the options “government”, meaning intervention through regulation or taxation for example; “technology”, for example new ways to produce energy or reduce natural resource use; “behaviour”, for example consuming less or recycling more; or “markets”, for resources that become too expensive will be abandoned in favour of other solutions. See full Article: http://oecdinsights.org/2014/03/31/ipcc-and-climate-change-risks-what-would-you-do/

Choosing a future: Special edition of Journal of Human Rights and the Environment on the legal and social aspects of climate change

On 1 June the Journal of Human Rights and the Environment published its second issue, featuring a collection of international policy experts’ interviews and reflections that address “the most compelling question of our age: How should we now respond to climate change?“

The Editors Anna Grear , Founder and Director of the Global Network for the Study of Human Rights and the Environment and Professor of Law at the Universities of Cardiff and Waikato, and Conor Gearty, Professor of Human Rights Law in the London School of Economics, write in their editorial:

See full Press Release: http://www.mrfcj.org/news/special-edition-human-rights-environment-journal.html